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I'm Muqadas, I am an M.Phi graduated doing majors in Marketing. I have gained a lot of experience in the past  years in various projects and have excelled in writing.

The New Shepard program's 21st flight took place on June 4th, when Blue Origin completed its fifth human spaceflight. The astronaut crew consisted of Evan Dick, Katya Echazarreta, Hamish Harding, Victor Correa Hespanha, Jaison Robinson, and Victor Vescovo.

NS-21 launch

The New Shepard booster was fueled with liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen three hours before launch, and crew boarding began 45 minutes before the scheduled liftoff time. The launch took place at Blue Origin's Launch Site One in the west Texas desert. The Jeff Bezos-owned Corn Ranch land parcel near Van Horn was the location of the complex. Twenty New Shepard launches, as well as numerous engine firing tests developed by Blue Origin, have taken place at the site.

The crew of NS-21


Astronaut Evan Dick

Evan Dick, who was part of the crew of the NS-21 spacecraft, has been up in space twice in the last six months. Michael Strahan, a former NFL player and co-host of ABC's "Good Morning America", Laura Shepard Churchley, the daughter of Apollo 11 astronaut Alan Shepard, and three other passengers flew with him on the NS-19 spacecraft in December 2021. Evan Dick is a former senior executive of D.E. Shaw and Highbridge Capital, an engineer, sailor, diver, motorcyclist, and licensed pilot who volunteers for Starfighters Aerospace. Dick created the patch design for this mission because he felt the NS-19 spacecraft symbolized a lifetime of living under the sea. Several NS-19 astronauts have participated in undersea expeditions.

Astronaut Katya Echazarreta

Katya Echazarreta, a 26-year-old electrical engineer, was also on board NS-19. She was born in Guadalajara, Mexico, and studied electrical engineering at UCLA, graduating with a bachelor’s degree. She interned at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) while she was studying at UCLA and also became a full-time engineer there after obtaining her degree. She was a part of five spacecraft missions, including the Perseverance rover and the upcoming Europa Clipper mission, working as a JPL engineer. She is currently pursuing her master’s degree in electrical engineering at Johns Hopkins University and mentoring other women and girls who wish to work in STEM fields. She will be the first Mexican to fly in space. Because of her work with Space Humanity, a nonprofit organization that chose her out of 7,000 applicants, she will fly in this mission.

Astronaut Hamish Harding

Hamish Harding, a pioneer,r and businessman, was born in Britain in 1964. He is a graduate of Cambridge University who majored in natural sciences and chemical engineering. Harding was the pilot and expedition director for One More Orbit, a Gulfstream G650 flight that circumnavigated the world in 46 hours, 40 minutes, and 22 seconds, setting a new world record for the fastest round-the-world journey over the poles. The trip started and finished at the Kennedy Space Center Shuttle Landing Facility.

Astronaut Victor Correa Hespanha

 Victor Correa Hespanha, a Brazilian civil production engineer and the second Brazilian to fly in space after Marcos Pontes in 2006, is 28 years old and hails from Minas Gerais. Because the Agencia Espacial Brasileira (AEB - Brazil's space agency) employed Pontes as an astronaut, he will become the world's first cryptonaut. The Crypto Space Agency, a consortium that wants to merge space technology with cryptocurrency and financial innovation, provided the seat.

The NS-21 is the world's first non-fungible token, and Hespanha won it in a draw by investing with the Crypto Space Agency. He wants to be an astronaut ever since he was a child, and soon he'll be flying as a tourist.

Astronaut Jaison Robinson

Jaison Robinson, a runner, investor, reality TV star, and explorer, is a 41-year-old Chicago, IL resident. He and his wife Jamie founded Dream Variations Ventures, a technology,y, and sports startup investment firm. He has also founded a commercial real estate company, JJM Investments.

Robinson earned a JD (law degree) from the University of Chicago in addition to a bachelor's degree from Stanford. He also served on the US National Water Polo Team while at Stanford. In 2009, he was a finalist on Survivor: Samoa, skydived, and scuba dived in addition to hiking in Antarctica and scaling Angel Falls in Venezuela.

Astronaut Victor Vescovo

Victor Vescovo, is a private equity investor, an explorer, and a US Navy veteran who has been to the summit of Mt. Everest and the bottom of Challenger Deep. He has degrees from Stanford, MIT, and Harvard Business School, in addition to 20 years of service in the US Naval Reserve as an intelligence officer. He is a multi-engine jet and helicopter pilot in addition to being a certified submersible test pilot.

As an explorer, he has scaled the highest peak on each of the seven continents, skied on the North and South Poles, and dived into the deepest part of the world's five oceans. During the Five Deeps Expedition, he became the first human ever to reach the Molloy Deep in the Arctic Ocean in addition to visiting Challenger Deep.

Final Words

Because of this mission, Blue Origin's NS-21 mission was the company's fifth crewed launch. The NS-21 mission was also the second New Shepard mission of the year. Richard Branson's Virgin Galactic, a competitor in the suborbital space tourism industry, charges $450,000 for a seat on its VSS Unity space plane. VSS Unity has flown to space four times so far, but it has not yet carried paying customers. Virgin Galactic plans to open full commercial passenger service with the vehicle in early 2023.

Space tourism is finally entering a regular operational cycle for Blue Origin after a protracted test campaign and an eventual ramp-up of crew flights, while rival Virgin Galactic aims to resume testing later this year.

Oregon Congressman’s proposal seems to foretell that joyrides to space will soon become even more expensive due to new forthcoming taxation.

Not long after Richard Branson joined his first Virgin Galacitc’s fully crewed spacetrip and on the same day Jeff Bezos’ launched his first crewed space flight on 20 July 2021, Rep. Earl Blumenauer from Oregon (D., Oreg.) announced his intention to impose taxation on space tourism. Within his plans in particular is to propose a relevant law under the name Securing Protections Against Carbon Emissions (SPACE) Tax Act.

 There is no such thing as a …tax free launch

According to a statement issued by the Congressman’s office, “Space exploration isn't a tax-free holiday for the wealthy. Just as normal Americans pay taxes when they buy airline tickets, billionaires who fly into space to produce nothing of scientific value should do the same, and then some”.

For the record, tickets for space tourism have reached $250,000 as far as Virgin Galactic’s price list is concerned, while Blue Origin still keeps in the dark the cost of its space tourism tickets. However, their prices do now show any signs of differentiate significantly. 

As Blumenauer, senior member of the House of Representatives' Ways and Means Committee stated, "I'm not opposed to this type of space innovation. However, things that are done purely for tourism or entertainment, and that don't have a scientific purpose, should in turn support the public good” sending out clearly the message that pure pleasure should pay a toll for the good of humanity.

A two levier tax

He also added that his tax proposal would likely have the tax levied on a per-passenger basis, in the same way travelers pay when using commercial aviation.

However, he made clear that “Exemptions would be made available for NASA spaceflights for scientific research purposes. In the case of flights where some passengers are working on behalf of NASA for scientific research purposes and others are not, the launch excise tax shall be the pro rata share of the non-NASA researchers."

Although further details of the tax proposal have not yet been disclosed, it seems that there are going to be two taxation tiers: the one with regard to suborbital flights (beyond 50 miles above earth’s surface) and the other with regard to orbital ones (those exceeding 80 miles above earth’s surface). Blumenauer did not also provide any further information about the tax’s percentage for each case or about the state policies the collected revenue is going to fund.

However, as by his statement on CNN  Business it is easy for someone to make some assumptions regarding the taxation percentage that will be imposed :”Why should a family that is taking kids to Legoland pay a 9.5% ticket tax and other charges on their airline tickets and space tourists who spend a gazillion dollars have tax free tourism?” He also noted that his proposal is an attempt to bring the matter in the public dialogue, start a conversation and continue ahead with it

Where will the tax revenue go?

It is highly likely though, that all the tax revenue will be directed to policies against climate change because as Congressman stated, he is concerned about the potential carbon footprint of the space tourism industry once it expands. Something that is going to happen pretty soon having in mind Virgin Atlantic’s recent announcements regarding the launch of a space tourists’ shuttle every 32 hours (!). It is estimated that suborbital space flights emit 60-times more carbon footprints that commercial transatlantic flights on a per-passenger basis.

Space tourism companies have all been funded by NASA programs which have been in turn funded by taxpayers and so a part from the profit of their activities should return to taxpayers with some kind of benefit (environmental preferably). Fair enough. Besides, people who can afford an orbit trip ticket can undeniably afford its tax as well. Comments on the proposal from the thee leading businesses on space tourism have not yet been made.

Space tourism industry will grow substantially over the next years and as it seems not without contributing to society via taxation.


Sources:  Space.com Blumenauer.house.gov Finance.yahoo.com Medium.com

The international crew of astronauts just sent to the space station is the fourth commercial crew rotation mission. Using SpaceX's Falcon 9 rocket, spaceX sent a Dragon spacecraft into space with 3 astronauts (Mission commander Kjell Lindgren, pilot Bob Hines, mission specialist Jessica Watkins and a NASA crew of ESA experts (Samantha Cristoforetti). The crew will take part in microgravity science experiments on the International Space Station.


SpaceX launched a group of astronauts for NASA early Wednesday morning (4/27)


It was launched from Launch Complex 39A at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida at 3:52 am (EDT).

The past few days at the Kennedy Space Center have been exciting and busy with the return of the Axiom crew and launched four astronauts to the International Space Station with great success. NASA Administrator Bill Nelson stated the following.  "Kjell, Bob, Jessica, and Samantha will undertake research surveys on board the station to assist NASA prepare for a prolonged stay on the Moon, and eventually Mars. These missions would not be possible without dedicated NASA and SpaceX teams here on Earth. Godspeed, Crew-4!”

This Crew 4 mission is the first launch for Hines and Watkins, and the second flight to the station for Lindgren and Christoforetti. It was launched with a new Dragon spacecraft, which was named freedom by the crew, and the Falcon 9 rocket flew its fourth mission into space. This is the 5th SpaceX flight with NASA astronauts as part of the agency's commercial crew program, which includes a test flight to the space station in 2020 for Demo 2.

During Dragon's flight, SpaceX will monitor a series of automated spacecraft maneuvers from the Mission Control Center in Hawthorne, California, and the NASA team will monitor the operations of the space station in flight from the mission Control Center at the agency's Johnson Space Center in Houston.

The Dragon docked autonomously in the space-facing port of the station's harmony module at around 8: 15pm, 27th April. NASA TV, the NASA app, and the agency's website were providing ongoing live coverage through docking, and hatch openings. NASA was holding a ceremony to welcome the crew aboard the Orbital Outpost at around at 2:40 AM, 28th April .

"NASA, SpaceX, and our foreign partners have worked tirelessly to ensure that the International Space Station continues its critical microgravity research, and is committed to many projects that promote humanity and open up full rights to more human beings in space," said a partner at NASA's general Directorate of Space Operations Missions in Washington. "It's a great way to get the most out of it," says Kathryn Lueders, an administrator.

"The launch of Crew-4 demonstrates the spirit and success of the Commercial Crew program to maximize the use of low-earth orbit for the next few years, testing the technology required for the Artemis program and beyond, within two days of the first all-civilian mission returning to the station.”

The Crew Dragon:   capsule Freedom is already on its way to the International Space Station, transporting NASA astronauts Kjell Lindgren, Bob Hines, Jessica Watkins, and Italian astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti

Lindgren, Hines, Watkins, and Cristoforetti will be part of the 67th extended stay of raja Chari, Thomas Marshburn, Kayla Barron, as well as all NASA astronauts, Matthias Maurer from ESA, and Oleg Artemyev, Sergey Korsakov, and Denis Matveev. For a while, the number of crew aboard the space station will increase to 11, until a few days later, the crew-3 astronauts ;  Chari, Marshburn, Barron and Maurer , will return to Earth.


Crew-4 is the third commercial crew mission to fly ESA astronauts

It brings me tremendous joy to see Samantha Cristoforetti and her four coworkers' excellent launch. Samantha will take over from Matthias Maurer and will continue to represent Europe and support European experiments aboard the space Station throughout her mission," said Josef Ashbacher, ESA Director General.

Samantha has been an excellent role model - even more so, she will be on the space station taking on the role of USOS Lead responsible for operations within the US orbital segment of the International Space Station, consisting of modules and components from America, Europe, Japan and Canada.”

The crew of 4 astronauts will spend months on the space station conducting new scientific research in fields such as materials science, health technology, and plant science to prepare for human exploration beyond low earth orbit and benefit life on Earth.

Elon Musk's company has now sent 26 people into orbit in less than two years


The Crew 4 mission continues NASA's efforts to maintain American leadership in human space flight. Regular long-term commercial crew rotation missions will allow NASA to continue the important research and technical investigations being carried out on the station. Such research will benefit people on Earth and lay the foundation for future exploration of the Moon and Mars, starting with the agency's Artemis mission, including landing the first women and people of color on the surface of the Moon.

NASA astronaut Kjell Lindgren

Lindgren is the commander of the Dragon Spaceship and Crew-4 mission. He will be responsible for all phases of the flight from launch to re-entry and will act as a flight engineer on Expeditition67. Lindgren will fly for the second time after being a cosmonaut in 2009. In 2015, he boarded the orbital laboratory for 44 days as a flight engineer on expeditions 45 and 141.  Having received emergency medical certification, he previously worked at NASA Johnson as a flight surgeon to assist in the training and operation of the space Station, and served as a surgeon on the STS-130 Space Shuttle and as a deputy crew member on the 24th long-term mission. Lindgren was born in Taipei, Taiwan, and spent most of his childhood in the United Kingdom before graduating from the United States Air Force Academy.


NASA astronaut Bob Hines

Hines is the mission's second in command and the pilot of the Dragon spacecraft. He is in charge of the spacecraft's performance and systems. He will work as an expedition 67 flight engineer aboard the station. Given his nomination as an astronaut in 2017, this might be his first space tour. Hines served in the US Air Force for more than 22 years as a test pilot, fighter pilot, and trainer pilot. Prior to his nomination in 2017, he worked at Johnson as a research pilot.

NASA astronaut Jessica Watkins

The NASA astronaut Jessica Watkins will support Crew-4 commander and pilot in monitoring the spacecraft during the intense push and pull phases of flight.

Prior to launching aboard the ISS, she will be a flight engineer on Expedition 67. Watkins grew up in Lafayette, Colorado, and attended Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, and the University of California, Los Angeles, where she studied geology. She has worked with NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, studying the Martian surface as a geologist. She was selected as a NASA astronaut in 2017 and will make her first space tour.


Italian astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti

As a mission specialist, Samantha Cristoforetti will help monitor the Dragon as it makes dynamic landings and takeoffs. She will serve as a flight engineer for Expeditions 67, her second time in space following five months as an expedition engineer for Expeditions 42 and 43. She was a fighter pilot in the Italian Air for over a decade before being selected to ESA as a fighter pilot in the Italian Air Force prior to being selected as an ESA in 2009.

In addition to being an astronaut in 2009, she participated in NASA’s Extreme Environment Mission Operations program in 2019, where she stayed at the world’s only underwater research station for 10 days.




Sources: Nasa.gov   Electronicspecifier.com  Cnbc.com

The Commercial Space Travel Race Between Blue Origin & Virgin Galactic Technology

Virgin Galactic and Blue Origin are two of the most popular private space tourism companies with emerging technologies in the world. But what’s the difference between the two? Virgin Galactic is a commercial space travel company which is owned by Richard Branson, who has been found of space tourism himself. This space tourism company has a more traditional business model of creating tourism opportunities to space. It also sells suborbital flights that take passengers up to Mach 3 (3 times the speed of sound) for $250,000 per space tourist. On the other hand, Blue Origin was founded by Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos in 2000. Rather than focusing on selling tickets for trips into space, it focuses on developing infrastructure for future missions and making money from unmanned rocket launches and satellite launches.

The Virgin Galactic Spaceship Two and the Blue origin New Shepard are making strides in the space tourism. The New Shepard has a test flight that reached more than 100 km above the surface of earth while the Spaceship Two took its first passenger flight earlier this year.

Both companies have different approaches to take tourists into space, but they both use emerging technologies to achieve their goals. There is no clear winner yet as each space Tourism Company has their own advantages and disadvantages that could be advantageous when combined with other companies’ technology in the future.

The differences between the two make it hard to compare them, but here are some ways to compare these two programs.

What is the difference?

The blue origin competing against virgin galactic in the commercial space travel industry is primarily because they have more experience in launching rockets than virgin galactic has.


Blue origin is a rocket company that has the goal of reducing the cost of access for space tourism . They are developing rockets in order to provide cost-effective and safe transport for people and cargo. Meanwhile, virgin galactic is a commercial space travel company that has the goal of democratizing space. Virgin Galactic has developed a spacecraft capable of carrying six passengers on suborbital journeys into space and back.

The goals of blue origin and virgin galactic are very different, even though they both involved space tourism. One wants to cut the cost while the other is committed to democratizing it – with this types of technology for space tourism, which one's goal do you think best aligns with yours?



With the increase in technology development, the commercial space travel company, Virgin Galactic’s first model, SpaceShipOne was designed to take three people for space tourism and back at a maximum altitude of 328,000 ft (100 km). & Virgin Galactic’s second model, SpaceShipTwo can carry six space tourists or two pilots on an 18-mile (30 km) suborbital journey into space and back to Earth. While this might sound impressive in comparison with Blue Origin’s human flight up 66.5 miles on Jeff Bezos' personal flight

Virgin Galactic has not gone higher than 62 miles according international standard for going into space.The Kármán line that was created by Hungarian scientist Theodore von Kármán who calculated where atmospheric drag would become too much for any aircraft or spacecraft. This means that this commercial space travel company cannot claim its achievements as being about more than just business ventures without taking risks; rather it will be showing these off when their latest model reaches complete success!


Vehicle Type

Blue Origin has developed several vehicles as well, including the Charon prototype, named after Pluto’s moon.

Goddard followed it which was later retired and replaced by New Shepard rocket which carried Jeff Bezos and William Shatner for their space tourism. Other vehicles in development include the New Glenn, New Armstrong (named for Neil), and The Blue Moon Lunar Lander (named for Apollo 11). Only one of these is operational: the new Shephard rocket.

In contrast, Virgin Galactic, the commercial space travel company  operates a craft called SpaceShipTwo or VSS Unity instead of having their own rockets like many other organizations do . SpaceShipTwo is a six-person spaceplane that carries people into suborbital flight and back to Earth. They are launched from WhiteKnight Two or VMS Eve mid-air. So far they have only one operational aircraft but plan to release another called SpaceShipThree.

How they make money

With the interest in technology development, Virgin Galactic being a commercial space travel company has had more success with its space tourism model, but Blue Origin is doing well because it doesn’t have to spend as much time marketing itself to the space tourist. Blue Origin is able to focus solely on its technological advancements while commercial space travel company (Virgin Galactic) is still struggling to find someone who will buy their $250,000 tickets into space. This leaves us wondering: which of these companies will be successful first?

The publicly traded company reported an operating loss of $275 million in 2020 and lost another $213 million in 2019 after generating revenues of $715 thousand last year.

Though the company has had a net loss of $130 million in its most recent quarterly results, it is not faring too poorly when compared to other companies.With privately owned Blue Origins looking for government contracts and competing with Elon Musk’s SpaceX, they have been able to receive over 2 billion dollars worth of work from NASA and the Pentagon in just 14 federal fiscal years.



When it comes to automation, the technology evolution comes to our mind. In this portion of technology evolution, the rocket company: Blue Origin technology is more advanced than the commercial space travel company, Virgin Galactic. Blue Origin’s vehicles are fully automated, and they can detach from the earth-launched rocket during flight after landing back on Earth with the help of parachutes. The Virgin Galactic spaceplane has no such form of automation; pilots manually operate it while flying into space and then glide it back down to Earth before landing on a runway like an ordinary airplane.


Blue Origin's new Shepard rocket reached a maximum speed of 2,234 mph and greatest altitude of 66 miles (106 km). On the other hand, new technology of commercial space travel company, Virgin Galactic's VSS Unity has reached a top speed of 2,300 mph and a maximum height of 53.5 miles above the Earth.

Fight Duration

Since Blue Origin is quite new to this game they have only managed flights up to 10 minutes in duration from launch to landing back on earth. This compares well with the commercial space travel company  Virgin Galactic who have had longer than that flight time at 15 minutes but their longest flight was still less than half as long as Blue Origins' at just about two hours in total for an average spaceflight lasting about 15-20 mins max which means more time spent on board potentially risking your own health or safety should anything go wrong during that timeframe including things like decompression sickness incurred when returning from high altitudes quickly without suitably slow descent rates .

Safety Record

Both space travel companies have suffered many accidents as they developed and tested their vehicles. Thankfully, there has never been a fatality or serious injury from the public in any of these incidents. As for Blue Origin’s crew members, there has never been anyone who identified themselves as an employee at that company who was harmed by one of their experiments.

Sadly, Virgin Galactic has had its fair share of accidents. There were two incidents in 2007 and 2014 that left many space tourist with injuries. In the first incident, three employees died during ground tests for SpaceShipTwo's engines when Scaled Composites- the company who built Virgin Galactic's spaceplane - was acquired by them. Three others were wounded in this same accident as well. The other incident occurred on a test flight in 2014; one pilot dies while another is injured but recovers later safely after landing the plane without any fatalities or major injuries to passengers aboard (unfortunately). More recently, Richard Branson's 2021 flight was dangerously went out of orbit, but recovered and landed safely!


The commercial space travel company,Virgin Galatic had previously sold tickets at $250 000 apiece but stopped after halting all flights following an unfortunate event back in 2014 where one pilot dies and another gets seriously injured during a tragic crash on their first spaceflight test run – which caused it to halt operations until more recent events.

Fortunately with the new technology’s advantages, Richard Branson has not been deterred from his mission to provide commercial access to suborbital flights into space; after completing its fully crewed flight test on July 2021 with no casualties he re-opened ticket isales for its future missions at a starting price of $450 000 per seat with plans for more tickets as demand increases. The company is also selling tickets for microgravity research and professional astronaut training, each costing $600,000.

The price of a ticket on Blue Origin’s first crewed flight in July 2021 was auctioned off at $28 million with half the proceeds going to various space organizations.

It has not yet been announced what the price of a ticket could be on future flights but it seems that actor Tom Hanks may have confirmed this amount when he said Jeff Bezos offered him a ride on New Shephard for “$28 million.”



So, which one is better?

The only way to know the answer to this question is to first know what you want. If you want a company that is privately owned, then commercial space travel company, Virgin Galactic is the company for you. If you want more information on the technology behind the company and where they are headed, then Blue Origin is the company for you. The answer depends on what you are looking for.



Source: Makeuseof.com  France.timesofnews.com

When will space tourism be affordable? You might not know the answer to this question, but Elon Musk might, the CEO of SpaceX and Tesla. He wants to make space accessible for everyone and has a plan to do it. It’s called "SpaceX BFR."

The idea of traveling into outer space is now within the realm of possibility for most people. And with more than 200,000 people already paying $250,000 for a ticket on Virgin Galactic Space Ship 2 in 2018 alone, we can tell that there is a growing demand for this type of tourism. But how long until we see a significant change in price? Will it be 10 years? 20 years? Or will it never happen because we are solely dependent on government funding for space exploration? Even Elon Musk himself says that he can't predict when space tourism will be affordable.


Space Tourism is Still a Luxury

One of the frustrating things about space tourism is that it's still a luxury.

When we think about affordability, we typically think about being able to buy something without having to save for months or years to make it happen. But with space tourism, this isn't the case. If you’re looking at high-level seats on Virgin Galactic Space Ship 2 that cost $250,000, you are still paying a hefty price tag for a one-way ticket into outer space. No matter how much Elon Musk wants to make space accessible for everyone, it won't be cheap anytime soon.

So when will space tourism be affordable? It's hard to say. We know that there is growing demand and an increasing number of people who want to take their dream vacation in outer space. It might take 10 years or 20 years, but eventually, we'll see more opportunities at lower prices than what we see now.


Elon Musk intends to Make Space Travel Affordable

SpaceX is one of the most valuable private companies in the world and their CEO, Elon Musk, is intended to make space travel in an affordable price. His plan is called SpaceX BFR.

SpaceX BFR is a rocket and spacecraft system capable of carrying up to 100 people between Earth Mars.

To provide affordable price and make space tourism more feasible, Musk has his sights set on building a reusable rocket for SpaceX BFR. This would drastically cut down on the price of a single launch into orbit. But despite this, it's hard to predict when space tourism will be affordable because we are solely dependent on government funding for space exploration.


Why Space Tourism Is Still Too Expensive?

Space tourism has yet to become widely available for the average person. For example, Virgin Galactic is one of the only companies to offer space tourism flights to the public, and a ticket costs $250,000. Furthermore, space tourism is not as accessible as other types of tourist activities because it is so expensive.

The high cost of space travel is not just a matter of ticket price; it’s also the price that goes into training and preparation for the trip that prevents many people from even considering it.

SpaceX BFR will be able to carry around 100 people at a time and should cost around $300 per ticket. Hopefully, this will make traveling into outer space more affordable for everyone in the future.


What is the role of SpaceX BFR?

SpaceX BFR is going to be a big part of making space tourism available with an affordable price for more people. For starters, it will reduce the cost by 44% and make getting into outer space more accessible for everyone.

SpaceX also plans to sell flights to orbit Earth and take customers all the way to the moon. In fact, SpaceX wants "to create a sustainable civilization on Mars."

These are exciting prospects that could happen in the near future with SpaceX BFR! But if you're interested in space activities that are available now, you can already buy tickets for Virgin Galactic Space Ship 2 for $200,000 and fly at 60 miles above Earth's surface.


When can we get a significant change in price?

It is difficult to predict when will space tourism be affordable. The cost of space tourism has been steadily declining as the desire for it has increased. It is possible that we'll see a significant change in price in the next 10-20 years. But it's also possible that we'll never see a significant change in price. Governments have been funding our space exploration for the last 50 years and they may not want to relinquish those funds.


What’s the cost of a space tour??

In order to answer that question, we need to look at the history of space exploration and what the current price points are for those journeys.

Yuri Gagarin, a Russian astronaut was the first man to go for space travel. He traveled into space aboard Vostok 1 on April 12, 1961. That trip cost about $2 billion in today's dollars. Adjusted for inflation, that would be about $14 billion today.

In 1968, NASA launched Apollo 8 with a budget of $6 billion adjusted for inflation ($41 billion today). And in 1971 NASA launched Apollo 18 with a budget of $3 billion adjusted for inflation ($26 billion today).

So, how much does it cost to send someone into outer space? The answer is hard to pinpoint with different factors impacting the cost. But based on these two examples, we can see that it costs somewhere between $100-$200 million per person.




Space tourism has been a dream with a long history for mankind. The innate need of man to conquer new and unknown lands and the scientific interest for our solar system have been the main cause for the development of aerospace technology. And fairly satisfied we may say. Or not. The need to take a step further, and go beyond the scientific purposes, has led to the emerging of an new niche : that of space travel for civilians. Well, for the wealthiest of them, more accurately.


Nowadays a handful of companies have been investing in tourism beyond earth and are planning to take ultrawealthy non-astronauts on a galactic tour: Tesla Founder Elon Musk’s SpaceX, Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos’s Blue Origin, and Richard Branson’s Virgin Galactic. 


Are galactic trips affordable?


Not in the least. For the majority of us. As expected, going to space comes with a price. And a very high one. To book a seat in one of the Virgin Galactic’s suborbital trips would cost you $250.000. Not one or two but six hundred people have already made their bookings for 90-minute flights on Branson’s SpaceShipTwo according to Reuters. Bezos’ Blue Origin, on the other hand, has not yet announced official prices but a ticket for a seat next to him and his brother on his brief space journey in July, was sold in an auction for $28 million! You found that expensive? Not so fast…Axiom and SpaceX travelers will pay the low, low price of $55 million for a flight and a stay on the International Space Station! 

Are they safe?


Of high risk for sure. Well, we all remember the explosion of Space Shuttle Challenger back in 1986 that killed it’s crew among which was Christa McAuliffe, the first civilian and teacher set to travel to space. So, it is not an exaggeration at all to say that visiting the stars is inherently dangerous. And since Congress has agreed in 2004 to largely let the space-tourism industry self-regulate, few laws and restrictions exist so far on taking civilians (safely) into space. The government only demands from the companies to clearly inform their - beyond earth’s atmosphere - tourists, prior to their trip, that the may die up there, and then it’s up to them to make a decision if they want to take that risk or not. 


Does space travel come in one shape?


Of course not. Infinite the space, infinite the human imagination. Space Perspective, a company in the space tourism field, is planning to fly passengers to the edge of space in a high-tech version of a hot-air balloon, “the size of a football stadium,” lifted by hydrogen. Flights are planned for early 2024, with tickets priced at $125,000 per person.

Orbital Assembly Corporation, another company wishing to conquer space touring, offers a different option. To take you to a vacation away from earth in the luxury space hotel that plans to open in 2027. The hotel, named Voyager Station, looks almost like a Ferris wheel floating in orbit and features a restaurant, gym, and Earth-viewing lounges and bars. A three-and-a-half-day stay is expected to cost up to $5 million, according to the Washington Post. Are you packing yet or not?


Celebrities forming a queue for space touring


Justin Bieber, Ashton Kosher and Leonardo DiCaprio are among the celebrities which have already stated their wish to travel to space and have bought their tickets with Virgin Galactic. Tom Cruise on the other hand has come to an agreement with NASA to collaborate on making a film on the International Space Station. A galactic mission impossible maybe?

Is there hope for the average person?


Hopefully yes, but it will take a long way to get there. The cost is, above all, the most significant barrier. It all boils down to the high costs of the space technology. However, back in the old days, air travel used to be, prohibitively expensive as well. A simple ticket across the country could sum up to the cost of a new car. With the rise of the competition and the development of the aerospace technology similar price reductions are expected in the future. We cannot do many things besides hoping and waiting. And maybe singing : Fly me to the space and let me play among the stars…

Japanese businessman Yusaku Maezawa arrived at the International Space Station on Wednesday aboard a Russian Soyuz spacecraft launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, becoming the first Japanese civilian to remain on the space station.

At 2:38 a.m ET, they took off on a Russian Soyuz rocket from Kazakhstan. Docking with the space station approximately six hours later at 8: 40 a.m. ET. Maezawa's crewmates consist of Russian cosmonaut Alexander Misurkin and Japanese traveler Yozo Hirano, who is Maezawa's producer and supervisor.


What were Maezawa’s feelings during the space tour?

Maezawa expressed his joy and wonder when he arrived at the station. "There really is space," he said communicating with Earth shortly after entering the International Space Station.

He had completed about 100 days of training and passed the final exam required to reach the ISS in November.

This billionaire businessman, Yasuku Maezawa will be the tenth civilian to remain in the ISS and is the first Japanese to carry out a business spaceflight in 31 years, after Tokyo Broadcasting system television Inc. reporter Toyohiro Akiyama in 1990. 

The space travel industry is growing, led by U.S. companies, with more civilians taking off than astronauts this year. Maezawa said his space travel expenses would amount to about 10 billion yen ($88 million).


Maezawa got influenced after his space travel

In 2018, Mr. Maezawa announced that he had purchased a vehicle which is building to take people to the Moon and Mars one day on SpaceX's upcoming Starship rocket.AFor this mission, called Dear Moon, Maezawa plans to take up to eight people with him on the journey. He originally hoped to bring all the artists with him, but in March he launched a contest to allow anyone from all over the world to apply to fly with him, to give the opportunity to visit as many talented human beings as possible. Maezawa also announced plans in 2020 to film a reality dating show to find a female friend to enter space with him, but in the end, this idea turned into abandonment.

Under a contract with the American space travel company, Space Adventures Inc. Maezawa headed to the International Space Station with his manager Yozo Hirano, 36, and Russian astronaut Alexander Misurkin. Maezawa and Hirano are the first Japanese citizens to fly into space since television journalist Toyohiro Akiyama spent nearly eight days on the former Russian space station Mir in 1990.

Misurkin, who's forty-four years old, is on his third spaceflight, having formerly served at the crews of space station expedition 35/36 and expedition 53/54... BMisurkin had already logged 334 days in space before taking off on Soyuz MS-20. He will guide Maezawa and Hirano all through the mission and will become the first space correspondent for the Russian news agency TASS under an agreement with Roscosmos, Misurkin will set up a TASS news office on the station and post daily reports on crew activities.

With the help of space Adventures, Maezawa has been training within the star city in Russia to prepare for his flight. Maezawa, the adventure-loving soul has further plans of filming his stay at the ISS with Hirano's help and posting videos of his adventures on his YouTube channel. Maezawa is so excited that he in addition made a list of 100 activities in space, according to Space Adventures. One of the things he hopes to do on his list is to play badminton with Misurkin and fly paper planes and play badminton with an astronaut, do a TikTok dance, and bring air back from the International Space Station. The entrepreneur had asked people to come up with ideas about what to do.


This Japanese businessman is also interested to take part in Russian medical experiments

In addition to filming Maezawa, Hirano will also participate in human health and performance research on behalf of the Translational Research Institute for Spatial Health (TRISH) at Baylor Medical School. Studies will include collecting electrocardiogram (ECG) readings, participating in a series of cognitive tests, and using a portable self-retracting device to collect visual data.

Before taking off Maezawa stated that as he prepares for the launch, he's excited to share each aspect of his adventure with all of us on this planet,

Maezawa stated his goal is to apply the trip as a springboard for his planned orbit of the Moon with the American company SpaceX in 2023, in what is going to be the first ride of its kind organized by a private company.

He said that he wanted to see this trip as an opportunity to prepare to be the best possible host while, together with eight talented team members from around the world, he embarked on the first civilian mission across the Moon in 2023.

This trip to the international space station is clearly a much quicker way for Maezawa to get his space fixed while he waits for the other one.


Sources: Space.com  Washingtonpost.com  Theverge.com

The contest was organized in collaboration with funding platform Omaze and space for

Humanity, a non-profit organization dedicated to ensuring a more inclusive future for the space.

After Branson and five other group participants completed the agency's first fully crewed flight test in July, the sweepstakes started. The competition acquired donations from 164,338 people from all the world over for eight weeks.

Announced in July, the sweepstakes noticed the company provide normal humans a chance to earn tickets to the edge of space On Wednesday, Virgin Galactic introduced its first sweepstakes winner that the space tourism agency is sending to space. The winner, Keisha S. (her last name is being withheld by the organization), is a fitness coach from Antigua and Barbuda. She is the first person to visit space from the Caribbean islands and wants to take her daughter, who is studying astrophysics, to the spaceship as a guest.


Guess Who Got Surprised?

Keisha is 44 years old woman, her birthplace is Antigua and she’s also raised in Antigua. She is a fitness and life coach and former flight attendant. She stated she has dreamt of going to space since she became a little girl and is hoping to cross the very last frontier along with her 17-yr-old, a science student living in Britain who goal of sooner or later working for NASA.

She told AFP that she simply thought she was doing an interview but after seeing Richard Branson walking in, she got surprised & started screaming as she couldn't believe it.

As per her statement she was actually interested in space when she was little. So this is a great opportunity for her to feel alive and experience the greatest adventure of all time.

Shahaf won the prize after raising $170 million after participating in a raffle hosted by Virgin Galactic on the Omaze platform.

The money will be donated to space for Humanity, a non-governmental organization that aims to expand access to space.

The amount he gave was not published, but the entry began with a minimum contribution of 1 to 10.


First Sweepstakes Winner: Keisha Shahaf

Schaff is a health and energy coach who works with women, decided to take a chance, especially after seeing the announcement of the Virgin Atlantic flight, just filled out the application form. She didn’t think that she will really had the answer, she also want to be an inspiring personality for others to live out their dreams.

The record drew about 165,000 members in 8 weeks, Virgin Galactic said in a statement.

On May 11, Sir Richard Branson, founder of Virgin Galactic, Matt Pohlson, CEO and co-founder of Omaze, and Rachel Lyons, executive director of space For Humanity, announced at her home in Antigua that Keisha had won the competition and fulfilled her dream of visiting space.

Lyons said Meeting Keisha and sharing this news with her was his experience that he will cherish for the rest of his life.He added more that her passion for visiting human space and her transformative capacity are a wonderful testament to His mission at space For Humanity. They are very excited to support her training as she prepares for this adventure as they know that Keisha is now part of their community.


Citizen Astronaut Program

The perspective and experience astronauts have received by viewing Earth from space has formed a society in extremely good ways. Space for Humanity's work leverages the transformational energy of the overview effect to enact tremendous change back in the world. The Citizen Astronaut Program is designed to optimize citizen astronauts physically and psychologically to experience the impact of overview, likely getting them ready to navigate cognitive changes and implement the knowledge acquired in their leadership roles and their personal lives on Earth.

Graduates may be welcomed into the space for the Humanity Overview Cohort community for continuous support, responsibility, and inspiration.

Even as the sweepstakes were free to enter, you can additionally donate to space for Humanity, a charity committed to creating spaceflight more handy, to earn extra entries. Virgin Galactic estimates that it has raised about $ 170 million in its bid for the company's Citizen Astronaut program.

As the organization said when the sweepstakes was announced, this is how Virgin Galactic got the enthusiasm for their space tourism efforts. At the same time, it was like a time for non-public spaceflight. The concept of winning a ticket to space was not something a person could dream of when a government-funded company was the only one flying into space.


 Sierra's space products and packages are working in the direction of a greater accessible space economic system. It is a leading business space organization with 1,100 employees, more than 500 missions and greater than 30 years of space flight history, which nowadays introduced a series A number one capital investment of $1.4 billion, the organization's first capital raising and the world's 2nd-largest non-public capital raising inside the aerospace and defense sector.

The company, now worth 4.5 billion, is building a reusable orbital space plane known as the Dream Chaser.

Growth capital speeds up the realization of Sierra space's vision of allowing humanity to build civilizations in space whilst enhancing existence on earth


Growth capital speeds up the realization of Sierra space's vision of allowing humanity to build civilizations in space whilst enhancing existence on earth

Sierra space targets to build the future of space shipping, business space destinations and infrastructure, and allowing technology so that it will assist construct a colorful and developing industrial space economy. As LEO's economic system reaches an important tipping point, pushed by using the convergence of increasing space commercialization, renewed public interest and defense concerns, Sierra space is growing a simple infrastructure to aid this growing ecosystem. By way of opening up low-cost access to space, Sierra space hopes to allow current businesses, marketers, researchers and governments to create interesting breakthroughs that could allow humanity to initiate new civilizations in space and experience life in the world.

The round is led via general Atlantic, Coatue and Moore Strategic Ventures, with the participation of finances and bills controlled via BlackRock non-public equity partners, AE industrial partners and several strategic family offices. The investment will boost up the improvement of the corporation's revolutionary Dream Chaser space plane, the world's only business orbital space plane.

The Dream Chaser is designed to be a reusable space plane that can very easily re-enter at 1.5 G and simply land on a business runway anywhere in the world. It is in advanced development under a multi-million dollar NASA agreement to carry out refueling missions to the global space station and has 3 versions that leverage flexible design and performance versatility to satisfy space cargo, crew or countrywide security needs within the domestic and international business, civilian and defense customer segments.

Sierra space builds first business platform in space; investments boost up the development of company's revolutionary Dream Chaser space plane and business lifestyles expandable space station

Sierra space builds first business platform in space; investments boost up the development of company's revolutionary Dream Chaser space plane and business lifestyles expandable space station

This funding may also help the development of Habitat life™ (large integrated flexible environment), a three-story modular platform for industrial, industrial and scientific housing. The essential components of a visionary new commercial space station ‘Orbital Reef’, which Sierra space is developing in partnership with Blue origin are actually Dream Chaser and life Habitat.

The Sierra space CEO, Tom Vice said that they are constructing the next era of space transportation systems and space infrastructure and destinations to enable humanity to build and maintain prosperous civilizations outside the Earth too (space). Simply as essential, Sierra space is building the next platform for organizations. the space gives a completely unique environment in order to permit new advances in vital areas consisting of pharmaceuticals, semiconductors, optical fibers and energy with a view to directly enhance our lifestyles on this planet.

Bill Ford, president and CEO of general Atlantic, said that general Atlantic and its co-investors are proud to assist Sierra space in its vision to outline the future of the industrial space economy. The organization has leveraged advanced technology and a lifestyle of innovation to expand products that have the transformative capability and position Sierra space as a rising leader in the new space age.  They sit up for offering an active partnership to Sierra space and its management group to boost up its growth and expand its global effect.

Fatih Ozmen, chairman of the board of directors of Sierra space and CEO of the founding Sierra Nevada Corporation (SNC), said they have worked hard for years to expand Sierra's space business from its inception in 2008 to today, where it has grown considerably to occupy a completely unique strategic role within the swiftly increasing business space sector. Sierra space now has the right scale and, thanks to its advanced technology and turnkey abilities, is about to noticeably boost up its growth. He and Eren are thrilled to welcome this well-established and knowledgeable group of investors as a new partner at this turning point inside the Sierra space. Together, they have a game-changing strategy and resources that allow the organization to lead the new space race and take gain the developing market of the new space economic system. 


Cameron Bess, one of the passengers aboard the latest Blue flight and the son of Lane Bess, a venture capitalist, and technology executive, is making records in numerous ways.

He is the first pansexual individual to go into space, alongside their father, Michael Strahan, cohost of Good Morning America, Dylan Taylor, CEO of Voyager space, Evan Dick, investment banker, and Laura Shepard Churchley, Alan Shepard’s daughter, the first American to enter space in 1961. But possibly the most top-notch is the one that Bess appears to point out is that He is going to be the first furry to go into space.


Who are Furries?

Furries are a set of individuals who are interested in anthropomorphic animals, often indulging in this via creative representations and disguising themselves as those animals in actual lifestyles. Despite the fact that the community is regularly related to a sexual interest in those animals, not all furry are identified in this manner.

And even as furries have a tendency to be related to the net, the roots of the community move back at the least to the 1980s, yet in all these years, none have gone into space, as far as no one knows.


Cameron Bess looks like he is gonna change that. When you use your ticket aboard Jeff Bezos ' private spaceflight, seemingly purchased by his father, Lane Bess, one of the three businessmen who paid for the high-priced tickets for the ride, you'll cross a barrier that many humans would never have thought of.


Bess’s Flight Schedule

Space.com the shuttle reportedly took off just earlier than 10: 01 a.m. Eastern Standard Time on December 11 from centers near Van Horn, Texas. T The flight reached 351,225 ft from the Earth's surface, and the team safely returned to the capsule 10 mins after takeoff.


The release was initially scheduled for Wednesday however moved to December 11 because of climate.


First Furry in Space

Bess, who's additionally furry and known for wearing fursuits at the video streaming app Twitch, pledged in advance this week to bring a pansexual pride flag and a paw of his complete cat outfit, which He could not wear in complete during the mission. In this regard, He documented the mission readiness process and some of the troubles related to being the first furry in space. This includes restrictions on wearing fur overalls or animal apparel during launch and preparations.

According to his tweet, he wasn’t allowed to wear a fursuit on the training ground. He said he’ll take it with him to the astronaut village to click a few photos with it.


And as he said it is obviously likely the best issue due to the fact he shouldn't want to be a weird guy on television with a fursuit head without being able to manipulate the narrative a little better.

Recently he has been writing the preparation procedure for the Saturday scheduled flight.


Bess's entry on the Blue origin website does not mention his hobby of being a furry. 

In a follow-up post, Bess explained that the trouble was that the suit was flammable and therefore could pose a danger to the ship.

Bess also suggested that they may not be the first to enter space and that different unknowns may have long passed before. Because of this, they do no longer explicitly claim the title, he said.


Dispute for Cameron Bess’s title “Astronaut”

As with different private space voyages, Bess's adventure was not well received by all. Whilst Blue origin first posted about the passengers, Bess shared the message once more and obtained about four hundred responses, lots of which criticized the trip and a big amount of cash its price.

Bess was also criticized by many fans for being referred to as an "astronaut". This word has caused many disputes about whether or not passengers on automated flights need to use it on their own.

It was in reaction to such grievance that Bess published a long thread on Twitter on Thursday. They argued that astronaut is a "legitimate title" and that the objections have been unfair.

In addition, He regarded to respond to complaints that trips aboard Blue origin have been largely costly but unnecessary pleasure journeys in space.

In a series of tweets, He also advised that they were legally prohibited from commenting further on Jeff Bezos or his goals in setting up the private space agency.

He wrote that through assisting Blue, He is helping them lower the price of sending scientific payloads and rockets into space. He said, he’s not a hero, however, it's a lot greater than “millionaires doing a spacewalk”.


Sources: Independent.co.uk  Space.com

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