Space Tourismo


The inspiration 4 launched by SpaceX

The 2021 human spaceflight Inspiration4 was carried out by SpaceX on behalf of Jared Isaacman, the CEO of Shift4 Payments. On September 16, 2021, at 00:02:56 UTC, Crew Dragon Resilience was launched by a Falcon 9 rocket from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center. The mission began on September 18, 2021, at 23:06:49 UTC, when Resilience splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean. And placing the Dragon spacecraft into low Earth orbit.

The journey, which was made in support of St. Jude’s Children’s Research Hospital in Memphis, Tennessee, was the first orbital spaceflight to have exclusively private persons on board. The mission’s commander was called Isaacman. Christopher Sembroski and Hayley Arceneaux were the two commercial astronauts chosen by the hospital. Sian Proctor was chosen by Shift4 to serve as the pilot.

The mission coincided with the 55th anniversary of Gemini 11, which in September 1966 achieved the highest Earth orbit ever achieved by a crewed flight with an apogee of around 1,368 km (850 mi). With an orbital height of about 585 kilometers, the Inspiration4 mission was the fifth-highest human spaceflight since STS-103 in 1999. The International Space Station is located at 408 kilometers (254 mi). The first crewed splashdown in the Atlantic Ocean since Apollo 9 in 1969 marked its conclusion.

Design of Spacecraft

After being used during Crew-1, Resilience made its second flight on the Inspiration4 mission. Additionally, it was Crew Dragon’s fourth crewed flight. For this mission, a single monolithic multi-layer domed plexiglass window inspired by the Cupola module was installed in place of the spacecraft’s docking adapter. So this is typically used to dock with the International Space Station. This window provides 360-degree views of Resilience’s nose from orbit. The spacecraft’s retractable nosecone, which also included a unique camera allowing imaging of the vehicle’s interior and exterior during flight, shielded the cupola during launch and re-entry. Resilience’s cupola is detachable, making it simple to alter it for upcoming missions that need docking. The cupola’s exterior required the installation of four heat shield tiles to shelter the plexiglass dome from engine exhaust during propelling maneuvers. Four Draco thrusters were positioned on the spacecraft’s nose.

Inspiration4 Crew

Jared Isaacman, the CEO of Shift4 Payments and an accomplished pilot with training in military planes, served as the leader of Inspiration4. The four seats for the mission were purchased by Isaacman from SpaceX, and he gave St. Jude two of them. The hospital chose Hayley Arceneaux, a medical assistant there and a bone cancer survivor, to take the journey. As a part of its successful St. Jude Mission: Inspired fundraising initiative, which sought to generate $200 million for the hospital, St. Jude raffled off the second seat. Participants in a raffle draw competition had to be US citizens and give a substantial sum, ranging from $10 to $10,000.

Due to being overweight, Kyle Hippchen, an Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University student gave US$600 and finally won the raffle. He opted to give the seat to his buddy, US Air Force veteran Christopher Sembroski, who had also given US$50. Through a competition styled after Shark Tank and rewarding the best company concept to utilize Shift4’s commerce technologies, Shift4 Payments chose entrepreneur Sian Proctor to fly. Salesforce CEO Marc Benioff, Fast Company editor Stephanie Mehta, retired NASA engineer Mark Rober, and Bar Rescue presenter Jon Taffer was among the judges for the contest.

SpaceX provided commercial astronaut training to all four. It comprised instruction in orbital physics, functioning in a microgravity environment, stress testing, emergency preparedness training, and mission simulations. Later, on September 25, 2021, CNN revealed that a toilet problem was the cause of an alert that had sounded throughout the trip.

What the Inspiration4 crew carried into orbit is listed below.

In a pre-shot section for the SpaceX webcast, the Inspiration4 crew members discussed the personal belongings they carried with them.

  • Jared Isaacman’s wife and daughters received a dragon pendant.
  • Chris Sembroski carried his Family heirloom pins
  • Hayley Arceneaux: A picture of Arceneaux when she was 10 years old and battling bone cancer.
  • Sian Proctor has a commemorative coin from her native Guam and jewelry that belonged to her parents. When Proctor was 19 years old, her father passed away.

Flight Info

Resilience lifted from Kennedy Space Center’s Launch Complex 39A on September 16, 2021, at 00:02:56 UTC (15:02:56 EDT) on Falcon 9 Block 5 rocket B1062. This booster had completed its third flight. The spacecraft launched at a 51.6-degree inclination. Resilience was in orbit with three Dragon spacecraft, with Endeavour carrying out the Crew-2 mission and C208 the CRS-23 mission. Since STS-125 in 2009, Inspiration4 was the first crewed orbital voyage that did not stop at a space station. A unique call sign was given to each crew member for communication purposes. The call signs for Proctor, Arceneaux, Sembroski and Isaacman were “Rook,” “Leo,” “Nova,” and “Hanks,” respectively.

Arceneaux reached inside a bag attached to her thigh and pulled out a stuffed puppy. That represents the therapy canines used by St. Jude as the Falcon 9 rocket’s second-stage engine shut down. The toy, which was tethered, started to float over Arceneaux’s head, serving as the “zero-g indication” for the Inspiration4 mission. After reaching Earth orbit on September 16, 2021, it hung in the air, giving Arceneaux and her three crewmates a visual cue that they had entered the microgravity condition of space.

Experiments performed

Various in-flight health experiments (fluid shifts, ECG, blood oxygen levels, etc.) were performed on regular people. Those people were not previously thoroughly examined and trained as professional astronauts. The mission also included ultrasounds, microbe samples, and other tests. The Translational Research Institute for Space Health (TRISH) at Baylor College of Medicine, researchers at Weill Cornell Medicine, and SpaceX collaborated on the study of the impact of spaceflight on human health and performance. An alert that had sounded throughout the trip was later connected to what appeared to be a toilet problem.

Resilience landed in the Atlantic Ocean north of Cape Canaveral on September 18, 2021, at 23:06:49 UTC. It was rescued by the recovery vessel GO Searcher around 40 minutes later. Following Arceneaux off the ship, Proctor, Sembroski, and Isaacman did likewise.


Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Check Also
Back to top button